Karate, Nihon Jujutsu & Kobudo: In the footsteps of the Samurai


The system Hakuda Kempo Toshu Jutsu includes our family system Sakugawa Ryu and the 100 year old Shoto Ryu school. Sakugawa Ryu Toshu Jutsu is the trunk and styles like Shoto Ryu, Wado Ryu and Goju Ryu are the branches. Tode Sakugawa was around in the mid 1800s and taught masters like Matsumura of Shuri and Teruya of Tomari. He trained in the Japanese Samurai school of Jigen Ryu, in Okinawan Te (uchinadi) with Takahara Peichin and in Chinese martial arts with Wang Zong Yue (Kushanku). Sokon Matsumura refined the arts after learning forms like Seisan and Gojushiho from Chinese master Iwah and his students included Itosu, Azato, Kyan and Funakoshi who introduced the art of Karatedo to a wider audience.

Karate kata taught in Bushinkai include (Japanese rather than Okinawan names give): Heian Shodan, Heian Nidan, Heian Sandan, Heian Yondan, Heian Godan, Tekki Shodan, Gekisai Dai, Bassai Dai, Empi, Kanku Dai, Wankan, Matsu, Hangetsu, Nijushiho, Jutte, Bassai Sho, Kanku Sho, Meikyo and Gojushiho.

Some of the senior Karate masters in the world from the Shoto and Wado branches include Hirokazu Kanazawa (10th Dan IMAF), Ikuo Higuchi (9th Dan IMAF), Kazuo Sakai (9th Dan IMAF). from the Goju branches senior masters include Morio Higaonna (10th Dan) and Tadanori Nobetsu (9th Dan IMAF).

Much as old style Karate (Toshu Jutsu) owes its origins to Chinese Quan Fa schools so too do some of the southwestern Japanese Jujutsu (Hakuda Kempo) schools. These schools include:

  • Akiyama Yoshin Ryu, the first style to be referred to as Hakuda
  • Shidare Yanagi Ryu, derived from Yoshin Ryu and taught within the Yoshida family
  • Kito Ryu, known for its soft internal movements and Chi power
  • Yagyu Shingan Ryu, related to the Chinese art of Hsing-I

Hakuda Kempo Toshu Jutsu is a synthesis of both old style Karate and old style southwest Japanese Jujutsu.

Kanazawa: Master of Shotokan Karate

Kanazawa: Master of Shotokan Karate


Nihon Jujutsu refers to Jujutsu (ie unarmed or lightly armed fighting systems) that is authentically Japanese as opposed to say Brazilian Jiu Jitsu.

Nihon Jujutsu as it is commonly taught is largely based up styles which originated in the Tokyo area and in Northeastern Japan such as Tenshin Shinyo Ryu (and its derivative Kodokan Judo), Takenouchi Ryu and Daito Ryu (and its derivative Aikido).

Daito Ryu, known as Aikijujutsu, is best known for its controls, arm locks, wrist manipulations and circular throws.

Tenshin Shinyo Ryu is known for its powerful hip throws, strikes and kneeling kata.

Nihon Jujutsu study often includes weapons like the Tanjo (Hanbo) a small stick rather like that of Escrima.

Minoru Mochizuki studied Gyokushin Ryu Jujutsu, Daito Ryu Aikijujutsu, Judo, Aikido, Muso Shinden Ryu Iaido, Shindo Muso Ryu Jodo and the Kenjutsu of Tenshin Shoden Katori Shinto Ryu. He was recognised by IMAF as a 10th Dan Aikido and a 9th Dan Nihon Jujutsu

Minoru Mochizuki studied Gyokushin Ryu Jujutsu, Daito Ryu Aikijujutsu, Judo, Aikido, Muso Shinden Ryu Iaido, Shindo Muso Ryu Jodo and the Kenjutsu of Tenshin Shoden Katori Shinto Ryu. He was recognised by IMAF as a 10th Dan Aikido and a 9th Dan Nihon Jujutsu


Kobudo can refer to two completely different arts:

1) Nihon Kobudo (Koryu Bujutsu) the ancient fighting arts of Japan.

2) Ryukyu Kobudo (Emono Jutsu) the weapons arts of Okinawa.

The following is a list (not exhaustive) of weapons often taught in these schools:

  • Katana: Japanese longsword. Also taught in some Okinawan schools (such as Kojigen Ryu and Motobu Ryu)
  • Sai: Okinawan hand trident. Comparable to the Japanese Jutte
  • Nunchaku: Okinawan flails
  • Tonfa: Okinawan side handled baton
  • Rokushaku Bo: Six foot staff taught in both Japan and Okinawa
  • Jo: Staff of around four feet long. Most famously taught in the Japanese school Shindo Muso Ryu
  • Tanjo: Short staff such as an Escrima stick, but in Japan more likely to be a harder wood
  • Surujin: A type of weighted bolas popular in Okinawa
  • Kama: Hand scythe used in both Okinawa and Japan. Also Kusarigama – a kama on a chain
  • Tanto: A dagger. Also used are Kodachi/Wakizashi (short sword) and Aikuchi (knife)
  • Tinbei and Rochin: Sword (Jian) and shield exclusive to Okinawa. The Rochin is also considered a short spear
  • Yari: The spear was taught in the art of Sojutsu and in Okinawa as the Nunti Bo
  • Naginata: A halberd art famously taught in Tenshin Shoden Katori Shinto Ryu
  • Shuriken and Shaken: Throwing blades and stars associated with Ninjutsu but were not exclusively so
  • Tessen: Use of the iron fan was common in both Japan and China
  • Dipdao: The Chinese butterfly swords were used in some Okinawan styles
  • Tekko: Knuckle dusters
  • Eku: Some Okinawan styles taught to fight with a boat oar. Also Kuwa (garden hoe)
Sakugawa Ryu Katana forged in the Far east but made of Swedish steel. Pictured with the book of Kawaishi, Bill Nelson's Jujutsu master

Simon Keegan’s katana

Hakuda Kempo Toshu Jutsu (Karate & Jujutsu)
Thursday Evening 8-9:30. Price £6
Van Dang Martial Arts, 12 Newton Street
Manchester Piccadilly
Chief Instructor: Simon Keegan 5th Dan
Instructors: Kicki Holm 2nd Dan, Dan Sanchez 2nd Dan

For more information email: kaicho@runbox.com

An introduction to our Karate method and our Tai Chi, Jujutsu and Iaido styles…

  • Okinawan Karate and southwestern Japanese Jujutsu: Hakuda Kempo Toshu Jutsu
  • Traditional Beijing Tai Chi: Yang Style
  • Traditional Iaido from the Tokyo area: Muso Jikiden Eishin Ryu
  • Traditional northeastern Japanese Jujutsu system: Nihon Jujutsu

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