Hakuda Kempo Toshu Jutsu: Okinawan Karate practically applied

Hakuda Kempo Toshu Jutsu (White lion hand Tang dynasty boxing) is a system of Okinawan Karate/Kobudo and Southwest Japanese Jujutsu/Bujutsu.

The system includes strikes, throws, locks, chokes, joint manipulations and weapons.

Honoured to meet Master Fumio Demura

Honoured to meet Master Fumio Demura

It first and foremost purpose is in self defence, secondly it is to teach a complete Karate system (Toshu Jutsu) the way it would have been taught in the 1700s and 1800s by masters like Sakugawa and Matsumura.

The family transmission is called Sakugawa Ryu and dates back to the 1750s when Tode Sakugawa combined his knowledge of old Okinawan forms like Wansu Quan with Chinese boxing forms (Toshu Jutsu).

Simon with Rokushaku Bo

Simon with Rokushaku Bo

The Wansu form, which in our school can be performed with Chinese sword, dates back to around 1680 and comes from the Hsin-I school. The Kushanku form is related to the Quan of Wang Zong Yue and is therefore related to Taiji Quan. The Channan forms come from Chang Chuan (long fist boxing) and are therefore versatile and can be performed with weapons like the Sai, Nunchaku and Tonfa. In the 1830s forms from Southern Shaolin (Shorei) schools in Fujian like Seisan and Useishi were introduced.

Learning from the old

Learning from the old

In the 1840s and 1850s forms like Naihanchi and Rohai came to Okinawa and the Shuri Te and Tomari Te schools came to be grouped as Shorin Ryu. In the early 1900s, when instructors of Shorin Ryu went to Japan the Naha Te tradition also gave us arts like Goju Ryu and Uechi Ryu.

Of course since WWII Karate has mostly been a sport but in the Bushinkai Academy we look to the old ways.

beginners

About Bushinkai

The Bushinkai school is headed by Simon Keegan who holds Dan grades in both Shuri and Naha traditions. He graded to 3rd Dan in Nisseikai (Tadanori Nobetsu was a student of EiiChi Miyazato, in turn a student of Chojun Miyagi. Nobetsu Sensei also studied Feeding Crane Quan) and 5th Dan in Shobukan (Shobukan combined Kanazawa’s Shotokan – a student of Funakoshi Sensei – and Malaysian Budokan which goes back to Tomari Te).

badge

Simon follows in a lengthy family tradition in Okinawan, Japanese and Chinese martial arts and has trained with many of the world’s leading masters from Li De Yin (Taiji Quan) to Fumio Demura (Shito Ryu Karate and Kobudo) to Shizuya Sato (under whom he held 2nd Dan Nihon Jujutsu).

Simon’s knowledge of Okinawan and Japanese fighting systems is extensive and can be seen in the Martial Arts Guardian Magazine that he edits.

Opening move of kushanku with added "Danish kiss"

Opening move of kushanku with added “Danish kiss”

If you would like to study these arts, class is Thursday evenings 8:00pm – 9:30pm at Hakutora Dojo, Newton Street, Manchester.

hakumak

 

Kata studied from 9th Kyu to 4th Kyu:

  • Channan Shodan (called Heian Nidan in Shotokan) – may be performed with Nunchaku
  • Channan Nidan (called Heian Shodan in Shotokan) – may be performed with Sai
  • Channan Sandan (called Heian Sandan in Shotokan) – may be performed with Nunchaku
  • Channan Yondan (called Heian Yondan in Shotokan) – may be performed with To, Tanto
  • Channan Godan (called Heian Godan in Shotokan) – may be performed with Bo
Bushinkai visits the Shaolin Temple!

Bushinkai visits the Shaolin Temple!

The Channan kata were changed by master Itosu to Pinan kata (according to Choki Motobu) and by Gichin Funakoshi to Heian Kata. Using Okinawan weapons and Tegumi applications we are looking to the original forms. Channan is thought to come from the Chinese “chang chuan” (longfist boxing) a Northern Shaolin style.

oli

Kata studied from brown belt 3rd kyu to 1st Dan:

  • Naihanchi (called Tekki Shodan in Shotokan) – may be performed with Tonfa
  • Gekisai – may be performed with Sai
Oyo for Gekisai

Oyo for Gekisai

Naihanchi was a favourite kata of Choki Motobu and the more modern form Gekisai (fukyugata) was created by his student Shoshin Nagamine and Goju Ryu founder Chojun Miyagi.

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  • Bassai – may be performed with Tonfa
  • Kushanku (called Kanku Dai in Shotokan) – may be performed with shaken
  • Wansu (called Empi in Shotokan) – may be performed with Ken
  • Matsu – may be performed as a two man set
Performing kata at Japanese cultural festival

Performing kata at Japanese cultural festival

Bassai is very similar in Shoto Ryu, Wado Ryu, Shorin Ryu, Shito Ryu and many other styles. This form was introduced to Okinawa by master Matsumura in the mid 1800s. Kushanku is the cornerstone of Shuri Te and was passed from Sakugawa to Matsumura. Our version shows a common origin with Yang Taiji Quan. Matsu is unique to Sakugawa Ryu. Named after master Matsu Higa it is also a two man set. Wansu is the oldest Okinawan form, found in Tomari since 1680s and may be performed with the Jian

basaisho

Kata studied from 2nd dan:

  • Matsukaze (called Wankan in Shotokan)
  • Seisan (called Hangetsu in Shotokan)
  • Niseishi (called Nijushiho in Shotokan)
  • Jutte – may be performed with Bo

Seisan, Niseishi and Jutte were Southern Shaolin Quan from Fujian found in styles like Lion and Dragon Boxing. Matsukaze was created by master Aragaki.

weapons

Kata studied from 4th Dan:

  • Bassai Gwa (called Bassai Sho in Shotokan) – may be performed with Katana 
  • Chatan Yara Kushanku (called Kanku Sho in Shotokan)
Karate and white crane master Nobetsu. Simon is pictured in the front row, training in 2003

Karate and white crane master Nobetsu. Simon is pictured in the front row, training in 2003

Bassai G’wa (Patsai Guwa) is the ancestor of Bassai Sho and is related to Bazi Quan and Bagua Zhang. It also shows the Jigen Ryu Kenjutsu training of Master Matsumura and may be performed with Katana.

Simon Keegan 5th Dan and Kicki Holm 2nd Dan practising Kobudo

Simon Keegan 5th Dan and Kicki Holm 2nd Dan practising Kobudo

  • Rohai (called Meikyo in Shotokan) is the most advanced of the Tomari school
  • Useishi (called Gojushiho) is the most advanced of the Tomari school

Screen Shot 2015-03-29 at 18.35.14

Weapons studied:

  • Jo
  • Tanjo
  • Rokushaku Bo
  • Nunchaku
  • Tonfa
  • Sai
  • To (Dipdao)
  • Ken (Jian)
  • Katana
  • Aikuchi
  • Tanto

nunchaku

 

 

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